Hampi is a beautiful city known for a group of monuments and ancient temples. It is a very prominent pilgrimage place in Hinduism. Hampi is also known as the historical and cultural city of India. Located on the bank of the Tungabhadra river in the Ballari district, Karnataka, Hampi covers 26 Square kilometres of the landscape.
In 1336 CE, King Harihar and King Bukka established Hampi city. In the 14th century, it became the capital of the Vijayanagar Empire. In the 15th century, Hampi was the 2nd richest city in the world after Beijing. During Vijayanagara Empire, Hampi was a very prosperous wealthy city with many temples, monuments, farms and trading markets. In the 15th century, Tulava King Krishna Dev Rai ruled Vijayanagar Empire along with Cabinet Ministery is known as Ashtdiggaj. The Pandit Rama Krishna or Tenali Rama was the part of Ashtdiggaj. During King Krishna Dev Rai the Vijayanagar Empire was very wealthy, prestigious and powerful. But Unfortunately, In 1565 it was defeated by the Muslim sultanate. The group of monuments of Hampi is now a UNESCO world heritage site. Hampi is now an open-air museum for ancient temples and monuments. Ancient India’s incredible architectural skill is seen in its e temples and monuments. A great example is the God Virupaksha temple located in the centre of Hampi city. The Lord Shiva’s avatar god Virupaksha and the goddess Pampa Devi temple is popular in Hampi. The god Vitthal temple is fine at architecture example which is built in typical Dravidian style. Vishnu avatar God Narasimha Swamy idol (6.7 feet height), The stone chariot, Hazara Rama Temple, archaeological museum, Lotus Mahal, Elephant’s stables, Queen’s bath, Stepped Tank, Hampi complex market, Hemakuta hills, Pampa Sarovar are also some of the attractive points in Hampi.
Hampi’s landscape place is also mentioned in Ramayana and Puranas. But Ramayana has a close connection with Hampi. Lord Rama travelled 15 destinations mapped in Ramayana Circuit. Hampi was the most important Circuit of Ramayan because the Kish kindha kingdom is the place where Lord Rama and Lakshman met Sugreev and Lord Hanuman. The lord Rama meets shabari near Pampa Sarovar in Hampi. Hampi also has evidence of King Ashoka epigraphy and Adi Shankaracharya monastery connection to the old city. Jain and Muslim monuments were also built in Hampi city. This city had forts, riverside features, royal and sacred complexes, temples, shrines, pillared halls, mandapas, memorial structures water structures and hill. The Matanga Hill is the highest point of Hampi. If you want some tracking experience so many Hills are available for example of Hemakuta Hills, Matanga Hills and Anjandari Hills. The Hampi is the treasury of culture, history and architectural art. The Hampi is proud of Vijayanagar Empire and incredible India.
Written By: Vishal Vervalkar