Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is one of the busiest and popular railway station in India. It was designed by British born architecture Frederick William Stevens in Italian Gothic style. This historic railway station is located in the heart of Mumbai city. Its construction began in 1878 and was completed in 1887.
Earlier it was called as ‘Bori Bandar’ station, which is located in east Mumbai and was the main hub for all the activities. The first railway service in India which covered a total distance of 34 km to Thane was also operated from here. Later this station was re-designed by F.W Stevens to build it bigger and named it Victoria Terminus. In March 1996 it was renamed as “Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus” and in 2017 it was again renamed as “Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus”. Its construction was completed in 1887 which marked the 50 years of Queen Victoria’s rule. Designer F.W Stevens was paid RS 1,614,000 for his work.
Today is operated by Central railway and has a total of 18 platforms. Half of the platforms run suburban trains (local trains) and the rest Express and Passengers trains (Interstate). The local trains are also divided into two sections. The first central line and the second is Harbour Line. Mumbai locals are the lifeline of Mumbai citizens as it is the fastest and cheapest mode of travel. The CSMT is a perfect example of planning and designing by the Britishers as it was built more than 100 years back but still, it can accommodate today’s population.
Written By: Tejas Purohit